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What Really is Vertigo? Vertigo is the feeling of a spinning world, rotation, or rocking even when one’s perfectly still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning. Vertigo causes Often, vertigo results from an inner ear condition. Some common causes of vertigo include:
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BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, occurs when canaliths (tiny calcium particles) build up in the inner ear canals. Signals about body and head movements in relation to gravity are sent to the brain by the inner ear. This helps us maintain balance.
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BPPV may occur for no apparent reason and can be age-related. Vestibular neuritis/labyrinthitis This is a problem of the inner ear that’s usually caused by viral infection. The infection results in inflammation of the inner ear around crucial nerves that help your body gain balance. Meniere’s disease This inner ear problem is believed to be caused by pressure changes and accumulation of fluid in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss. Less common vertigo causes include head or neck injury, brain conditions like stroke or tumor, migraine headaches, as well as some medications that lead to ear damage. Symptoms of vertigo Vertigo can be considered a single symptom, instead of a medical problem with signs and symptoms. People with vertigo usually feel as if they are spinning, swaying, unbalanced, tilting, and pulled to a certain direction. Other symptoms may accompany vertigo, including feeling nauseated, vomiting, sweating, headache, abnormal/jerking eye movements (nystagmus), tinnitus or hearing loss. Symptoms can occur and disappear and can last a few hours or even a few minutes. Treatment options for vertigo Your vertigo treatment option depends on the cause of the problem. Vertigo disappears without treatment in many cases. So, why is this? Well, this is because the brain can adapt, at least partly to the changes in the inner ear, relying on other methods to maintain balance. For some people, treatment is required and can include: Vestibular rehabilitation This is a form of physical therapy that’s designed to help make the vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system transmits signals to the brain about body and head motions relative to gravity. Drugs Sometimes medication can be given to ease symptoms like motion sickness or nausea related to vertigo. For vertigo that’s caused by inflammation or infection, steroids or antibiotics can minimize swelling and treat infection. For those with Meniere’s disease, they may be prescribed water pills or diuretics to relieve the pressure resulting from fluid buildup. Surgery Surgery may be required for vertigo in a few instances. If the vertigo resulted from something serious such as a tumor, neck or brain injury, treating these problems can help ease the problem.

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